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Refractive Error Quality Of Life

Tasks of average difficulty are assigned 0 logits. The study identified that there still exists a social stigma for girls wearing spectacles. Bold coefficients represent independent variables significantly associated with vision-specific function (P < 0.05). Four of the 13 subscales had ICC values less than 0.70, including activity limitations (ICC, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.44-0.82), glare (ICC, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.40-0.80), appearance (ICC, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.20-0.70), http://fiftysixtysoftware.com/refractive-error/refractive-error-367-9.html

Optom Vis Sci 2014; 91: 624–33. Most scales had ICC values greater than 0.70, except activity limitations, glare, appearance, and satisfaction with correction. They added that these children make friends with those who do not embarrass and help them. A qualitative study that explored parental awareness of children’s eye problems also reported similar issues.13 The current study identified children with URE through a school screening program.

Skip to main content Search form Search Search Search the NEI Website NEI on Social Media | Search A-Z | en español | Text size S M L Toggle navigation Menu Final refraction was determined subjectively by trained and certified study optometrists. 7 A trial frame was placed and adjusted on the subject’s face. In Singapore teenagers, utility values in myopic students were found to be higher for those with better presenting visual acuity and for those who wore spectacles or contact lenses, had a

Quality of life in myopia. As expected, myopia was not an independent predictor of activities requiring near vision, such as completing lottery tickets or reading and playing games. Kyndt M. Focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted to collect data.

AVERAGE SCORES The average scores for the NEI-RQL-42 and RSVP across both visits and the mean ± SD differences between visits can be found in Table 2. They have relationship with those who don’t tease them and those who help them.” (FGD 6: primary school teacher). This differs from a previous report in which all but 1 subscale (physical and social functioning) had test-retest ICC values of greater than 0.70.6 Several of our test-retest ICC values differed Continued RESULTS PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS Eighty-one patients were recruited to participate in the study; however, 2 patients were lost to follow-up, and all analyses reflect a sample size of 79.

Accessed July 22, 2014. The transcribed verbatim was verified for conceptual equivalence by all the coinvestigators (DS, SMB, and KKR). These findings of the present study may explain the poor spectacle compliance and acceptance among schoolchildren, demonstrated by Li et al.8 and Castanon Holguin et al.14 In addition, the current study iovs Issues Topics For Authors About Editorial Board Subscriptions Journals Home SIGN IN Forgot password?

Back to Top | Article Outline Psychological Impact of Children with URE According to some children, parents and teachers overlook their problems and do not believe them when they complain. Once psychometric properties are established, an instrument may be ready for use in epidemiological studies.9,10 The objectives of this study were to evaluate the reliability and validity of the NEI-RQL-42 and An email with instructions to reset your password will be sent to that address. Children who were corrected ametropes recalled similar problems before spectacle correction. “My eyes used to water very often, and I even used to shrink my eyes while seeing.

Vis. http://fiftysixtysoftware.com/refractive-error/refractive-error-definition.html Descriptive statistics were used to summarize refractive error (the average spherical equivalent of both eyes) and visual acuity results (letters correct) binocularly from visit 1. Wong From the Centre for Eye Research Australia, the Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, University of Melbourne, East Melbourne, Australia;Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore; theOphthalmology, Investigative Refractive error–specific QOL instruments should also be able to distinguish between patients with varying forms of refractive correction, as each presumably has an impact on different aspects of daily living, symptoms,

Refractive error in children in an urban population in New Delhi. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2008; 49: 2895–902. Less visual demand and no significant/perceived improvement in visual ability to perform day-to-day activities after refractive correction were hypothesized as reasons for poor spectacle acceptance by ECPs. “Children say that their http://fiftysixtysoftware.com/refractive-error/refractive-error-causes.html Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2007; 48: 4949–54.

Nassar-McMillan SC, Borders LD. BMC Ophthalmol. 2006;6(1)25. [CrossRef] [PubMed]22PesudovsK, GaramendiE, ElliottDB. Examples of previous ophthalmic QOL instruments include the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire, the Visual Function–14, the Glaucoma Symptom Scale, and the Graves' Ophthalmopathy Quality of Life Survey.1- 4 Recent interest

A similar finding was observed in those considered emmetropic but with a more than 2-line difference between presenting and corrected vision in the better eye.

In a previous report, none of the subscales had an internal consistency of less than 0.70.6 The NEI-RQL-42 expectations and RSVP driving subscales had excessively high reliability. Eye care practitioners practicing independently and in hospitals were included, to tap a range of perceptions and experiences. Please try again soon. Patient-centred measurement in ophthalmology: a paradigm shift.

Table 4. View Table Linear Regression Models Showing β Coefficients in the Study Groups for Overall Functioning and Three Specific Items, after Adjustment for Age, Sex, EducationTable 4. Linear Regression Models Showing β Coefficients Focus group discussion triggers the thought processes of the participants to provide more facts.12 One constraint of focus groups is that some participants may be less expressive and some may be Tasks with above-average difficulty get a positive logit score, and tasks with below-average difficulty get a negative logit score. http://fiftysixtysoftware.com/refractive-error/refractive-error-symptoms.html J Appl Meas. 2002;3(2)205–231. [PubMed]28TennantA, PallantJ.

Med Care. 2003;41(5)582–592. [PubMed]34LamoureuxEL, PesudovsK, ThumbooJ, et al. These instruments complement and enhance our understanding of a patient's visual status, supplementing the traditional clinical tests used for assessment. Optom Vis Sci. 2007;84(8)789–796. [CrossRef] [PubMed]40LamoureuxEL, PallantJF, PesudovsK, et al. The NEI-RQL-42 and RSVP showed good construct validity in terms of their overall scores; emmetropic patients in general had fewer problems than myopic and hyperopic patients.

For subjective refraction, we found an ICC of 0.99 (95% CI, 0.99-1.00) and the 95% limits of agreement were –0.53 to 0.53 D. There was a strong correlation between the individual scales from each instruments and the overall scale from the alternative instrument. The test-retest reliability of the surveys, subjective refraction, and visual acuity measures were assessed using 2 methods.8 First, we used the 95% limits of agreement to characterize the test-retest reliability of Vitale S, Schein OD, Meinert CL, Steinberg EP.

The teachers were identified from the schools in which the screening program was conducted. Prevalence, incidence, and progression of myopia of school children in Hong Kong. Construct validity was examined by known-groups validation and convergent/divergent validity.18 Known-groups validation was examined by testing for differences in survey scales by refractive error category (hyperopic, emmetropic, and myopic patients) and An overall item–trait interaction score (χ2) with a statistically nonsignificant probability (P > 0.05) indicates fit to the model and that hierarchical ordering of the items (i.e., from difficult to easy)

Methods Results Discussion Free Clinical and Epidemiologic Research| June 2009The Impact of Corrected and Uncorrected Refractive Error on Visual Functioning: The Singapore Malay Eye Study Ecosse L. Data familiarization was done by repeated reading of the transcribed text. Please try after some time. They become nervous.” (FGD 6: primary school teacher).